Splunk Code Injection via custom dashboard leading to RCE
THIS IS A EXPERIMENTAL DETECTION
This detection has been marked experimental by the Splunk Threat Research team. This means we have not been able to test, simulate, or build datasets for this detection. Use at your own risk. This analytic is NOT supported.
This hunting search provides information about a vulnerability in Splunk Enterprise versions below 8.2.9, 8.1.12, 9.0.2, where an authenticated user can execute arbitrary code via the dashboard pdf generation component. Please review events with file=export in the _internal index for the potential targets of exploitation.
- Type: Hunting
Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Last Updated: 2022-10-11
- Author: Rod Soto
- ID: b06b41d7-9570-4985-8137-0784f582a1b3
Kill Chain Phase
- CIS 3
- CIS 5
- CIS 16
|CVE-2022-43571||In Splunk Enterprise versions below 8.2.9, 8.1.12, and 9.0.2, an authenticated user can execute arbitrary code through the dashboard PDF generation component.||None|
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 `splunkd_ui` uri_path=*/data/ui/views/* OR uri_path=*saved/searches/* | dedup uri_path | eval URL=urldecode("uri_path") | rex field=URL "\/saved\/searches\/(?<NAME>[^\/]*)" | rex field=URL "\/data\/ui\/views\/(?<NAME1>[^\/]*)" | eval NAME=NAME."( Saved Search )",NAME1=NAME1."( Dashboard )" | eval NAME=coalesce(NAME,NAME1) | eval STATUS=case(match(status,"2\d+"),"SUCCESS",match(status,"3\d+"),"REDIRECTION",match(status,"4\d+") OR match(status,"5\d+"),"ERROR") | stats list(NAME) as DASHBOARD_TITLE,list(method) as HTTP_METHOD,list(status) as Status_Code,list(STATUS) as STATUS by user | rename user as User | `splunk_code_injection_via_custom_dashboard_leading_to_rce_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
splunk_code_injection_via_custom_dashboard_leading_to_rce_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
This detection does not require you to ingest any new data. The detection does require the ability to search the _internal index.
Known False Positives
Not all exports and downloads are malicious, special attention must be put as well on /en-US/splunkd/__raw/services/pdfgen/render in the context of this search.
Associated Analytic Story
|25.0||50||50||Potential exploitation of Code Injection via Dashboard PDF generation.|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our
replay.py tool or the UI.
Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range
source | version: 1