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Description

The following analytic detects the deletion of an AWS policy, a critical action that could indicate an attempt to alter permissions or reduce security controls. By monitoring AWS logs for DeletePolicy events, this analytic identifies both successful and attempted deletions, providing insights into potentially malicious activities. Identifying such behavior is crucial for a Security Operations Center (SOC) as it may signal an adversary's effort to escalate privileges or evade detection. The impact of unauthorized policy deletion is significant, potentially leading to compromised accounts or data exposure.

  • Type: Hunting
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2024-02-13
  • Author: Patrick Bareiss, Splunk
  • ID: 609ced68-d420-4ff7-8164-ae98b4b4018c

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1098 Account Manipulation Persistence, Privilege Escalation
Kill Chain Phase
  • Installation
  • Exploitation
NIST
  • DE.AE
CIS20
  • CIS 10
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
`amazon_security_lake` api.operation=DeletePolicy 
| fillnull 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by api.operation actor.user.account_uid actor.user.name actor.user.uid http_request.user_agent src_endpoint.ip cloud.region 
| rename actor.user.name as user, src_endpoint.ip as src_ip, cloud.region as region, http_request.user_agent as user_agent, actor.user.account_uid as aws_account_id 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `asl_aws_iam_delete_policy_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: asl_aws_iam_delete_policy_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • api.operation
  • actor.user.account_uid
  • actor.user.name
  • actor.user.uid
  • http_request.user_agent
  • src_endpoint.ip
  • cloud.region

How To Implement

The detection is based on Amazon Security Lake events from Amazon Web Services (AWS), which is a centralized data lake that provides security-related data from AWS services. To use this detection, you must ingest CloudTrail logs from Amazon Security Lake into Splunk. To run this search, ensure that you ingest events using the latest version of Splunk Add-on for Amazon Web Services (https://splunkbase.splunk.com/app/1876) or the Federated Analytics App.

Known False Positives

This detection will require tuning to provide high fidelity detection capabilties. Tune based on src addresses (corporate offices, VPN terminations) or by groups of users. Not every user with AWS access should have permission to delete policies (least privilege). In addition, this may be saved seperately and tuned for failed or success attempts only.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
10.0 20 50 User $user$ has deleted AWS Policies from IP address $src_ip$.

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2