This search looks for AWS CloudTrail events wherein a console login event by a user was recorded within the last hour, then compares the event to a lookup file of previously seen users (by ARN values) who have logged into the console. The alert is fired if the user has logged into the console for the first time within the last hour
- Type: Hunting
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Authentication
- Last Updated: 2022-08-25
- Author: Bhavin Patel, Eric McGinnis Splunk
- ID: 67bd3def-c41c-4bf6-837b-ae196b4257c6
Kill Chain Phase
- Actions on Objectives
- CIS 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 | tstats earliest(_time) as firstTime latest(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Authentication where Authentication.signature=ConsoleLogin by Authentication.user Authentication.src | iplocation Authentication.src | `drop_dm_object_name(Authentication)` | rename Country as justSeenCountry | table firstTime lastTime user justSeenCountry | join user type=outer [ | inputlookup previously_seen_users_console_logins | rename Country as previouslySeenCountry | stats min(firstTime) AS earliestseen by user previouslySeenCountry | fields earliestseen user previouslySeenCountry] | eval userCountry=if(firstTime >= relative_time(now(), "-24h@h"), "New Country","Previously Seen Country") | where userCountry = "New Country" | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | table firstTime lastTime user previouslySeenCountry justSeenCountry userCountry | `detect_aws_console_login_by_user_from_new_country_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
detect_aws_console_login_by_user_from_new_country_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
The SPL above uses the following Lookups:
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
You must install and configure the Splunk Add-on for AWS (version 5.1.0 or later) and Enterprise Security 6.2, which contains the required updates to the Authentication data model for cloud use cases. Run the
Previously Seen Users in AWS CloudTrail - Initial support search only once to create a baseline of previously seen IAM users within the last 30 days. Run
Previously Seen Users in AWS CloudTrail - Update hourly (or more frequently depending on how often you run the detection searches) to refresh the baselines. You can also provide additional filtering for this search by customizing the
Known False Positives
When a legitimate new user logins for the first time, this activity will be detected. Check how old the account is and verify that the user activity is legitimate.
Associated Analytic Story
- Suspicious AWS Login Activities
- Suspicious Cloud Authentication Activities
- AWS Identity and Access Management Account Takeover
|42.0||70||60||User $user$ is logging into the AWS console from Country $Country$ for the first time|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
source | version: 2