Try in Splunk Security Cloud

Description

This search looks for AWS CloudTrail events where a user A who has already permission to create access keys, makes an API call to create access keys for another user B. Attackers have been know to use this technique for Privilege Escalation in case new victim(user B) has more permissions than old victim(user B)

  • Type: Hunting
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2022-03-03
  • Author: Bhavin Patel, Splunk
  • ID: 2a9b80d3-6340-4345-11ad-212bf3d0d111

Annotations

ATT&CK
ID Technique Tactic
T1136.003 Cloud Account Persistence
T1136 Create Account Persistence
Kill Chain Phase
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • PR.DS
  • PR.AC
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 13
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
`cloudtrail` eventName = CreateAccessKey userAgent !=console.amazonaws.com errorCode = success 
| eval match=if(match(userIdentity.userName,requestParameters.userName),1,0) 
| search match=0 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by requestParameters.userName src eventName eventSource aws_account_id errorCode userAgent eventID awsRegion userIdentity.principalId user_arn 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
|`aws_createaccesskey_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

Note that aws_createaccesskey_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required field

  • _time
  • eventName
  • userAgent
  • errorCode
  • requestParameters.userName

How To Implement

You must install splunk AWS add on and Splunk App for AWS. This search works with AWS CloudTrail logs.

Known False Positives

While this search has no known false positives, it is possible that an AWS admin has legitimately created keys for another user.

Associated Analytic story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
63.0 70 90 User $user_arn$ is attempting to create access keys for $requestParameters.userName$ from this IP $src$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 3