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This search looks for cloud instances being modified by users who have not previously modified them.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Security Analytics for AWS, Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Change
  • Last Updated: 2020-07-29
  • Author: Rico Valdez, Splunk
  • ID: 7fb15084-b14e-405a-bd61-a6de15a40722


ID Technique Tactic
T1078.004 Cloud Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access
T1078 Valid Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access

| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count earliest(_time) as firstTime, latest(_time) as lastTime values(All_Changes.object_id) as object_id values(All_Changes.command) as command from datamodel=Change where All_Changes.action=modified All_Changes.change_type=EC2 All_Changes.status=success by All_Changes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name("All_Changes")` 
| lookup previously_seen_cloud_instance_modifications_by_user user as user OUTPUTNEW firstTimeSeen, enough_data 
| eventstats max(enough_data) as enough_data 
| where enough_data=1 
| eval firstTimeSeenUser=min(firstTimeSeen) 
| where isnull(firstTimeSeenUser) OR firstTimeSeenUser > relative_time(now(), "-24h@h") 
| table firstTime user command object_id count 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `cloud_instance_modified_by_previously_unseen_user_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

This search has a dependency on other searches to create and update a baseline of users observed to be associated with this activity. The search "Previously Seen Cloud Instance Modifications By User - Update" should be enabled for this detection to properly work.

Required field

  • _time
  • All_Changes.object_id
  • All_Changes.command
  • All_Changes.action
  • All_Changes.change_type
  • All_Changes.status
  • All_Changes.user

Kill Chain Phase

Known False Positives

It's possible that a new user will start to modify EC2 instances when they haven't before for any number of reasons. Verify with the user that is modifying instances that this is the intended behavior.


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
42.0 70 60 User $user$ is modifying an instance $dest$ for the first time.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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