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Description

This search looks at cloud-infrastructure events where an instance is created in any region within the last hour and then compares it to a lookup file of previously seen regions where instances have been created.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Change
  • Last Updated: 2020-09-02
  • Author: David Dorsey, Splunk
  • ID: fa4089e2-50e3-40f7-8469-d2cc1564ca59

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1535 Unused/Unsupported Cloud Regions Defense Evasion
Kill Chain Phase
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • DE.DP
  • DE.AE
CIS20
  • CIS 12
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
| tstats earliest(_time) as firstTime latest(_time) as lastTime values(All_Changes.object_id) as dest, count from datamodel=Change where All_Changes.action=created by All_Changes.vendor_region, All_Changes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name("All_Changes")` 
| lookup previously_seen_cloud_regions vendor_region as vendor_region OUTPUTNEW firstTimeSeen, enough_data 
| eventstats max(enough_data) as enough_data 
| where enough_data=1 
| eval firstTimeSeenRegion=min(firstTimeSeen) 
| where isnull(firstTimeSeenRegion) OR firstTimeSeenRegion > relative_time(now(), "-24h@h") 
| table firstTime, user, dest, count , vendor_region 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `cloud_compute_instance_created_in_previously_unused_region_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: cloud_compute_instance_created_in_previously_unused_region_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Lookups

The SPL above uses the following Lookups:

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • All_Changes.object_id
  • All_Changes.action
  • All_Changes.vendor_region
  • All_Changes.user

How To Implement

You must be ingesting your cloud infrastructure logs from your cloud provider. You should run the baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Regions - Initial to build the initial table of images observed and times. You must also enable the second baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Regions - Update to keep this table up to date and to age out old data. You can also provide additional filtering for this search by customizing the cloud_compute_instance_created_in_previously_unused_region_filter macro.

Known False Positives

It's possible that a user has unknowingly started an instance in a new region. Please verify that this activity is legitimate.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
42.0 70 60 User $user$ is creating an instance $dest$ in a new region for the first time

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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