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Description

This search uses the Kubernetes logs from a nginx ingress controller to detect remote file inclusion attacks.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2021-08-23
  • Author: Patrick Bareiss, Splunk
  • ID: fc5531ae-62fd-4de6-9c36-b4afdae8ca95

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1212 Exploitation for Credential Access Credential Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • PR.DS
  • PR.AC
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 13
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
`kubernetes_container_controller` 
| rex field=_raw "^(?<remote_addr>\S+)\s+-\s+-\s+\[(?<time_local>[^\]]*)\]\s\"(?<request>[^\"]*)\"\s(?<status>\S*)\s(?<body_bytes_sent>\S*)\s\"(?<http_referer>[^\"]*)\"\s\"(?<http_user_agent>[^\"]*)\"\s(?<request_length>\S*)\s(?<request_time>\S*)\s\[(?<proxy_upstream_name>[^\]]*)\]\s\[(?<proxy_alternative_upstream_name>[^\]]*)\]\s(?<upstream_addr>\S*)\s(?<upstream_response_length>\S*)\s(?<upstream_response_time>\S*)\s(?<upstream_status>\S*)\s(?<req_id>\S*)" 
| rex field=request "^(?<http_method>\S+)?\s(?<url>\S+)\s" 
| rex field=url "(?<dest_ip>\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})" 
| search dest_ip=* 
| rename remote_addr AS src_ip, upstream_status as status, proxy_upstream_name as proxy 
| eval phase="operate" 
| eval severity="medium" 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by src_ip, dest_ip status, url, http_method, host, http_user_agent, proxy, phase, severity 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `kubernetes_nginx_ingress_rfi_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: kubernetes_nginx_ingress_rfi_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • raw

How To Implement

You must ingest Kubernetes logs through Splunk Connect for Kubernetes.

Known False Positives

unknown

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
49.0 70 70 Remote File Inclusion Attack detected on $host$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 1