:no_entry: THIS IS A DEPRECATED DETECTION

This detection has been marked deprecated by the Splunk Threat Research team. This means that it will no longer be maintained or supported.

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Description

Attacker activity may compromise executing several LOLBAS applications in conjunction to accomplish their objectives. We are looking for more than usual LOLBAS applications over a window of time, by building profiles per machine.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Behavioral Analytics
  • Datamodel: Endpoint_Processes
  • Last Updated: 2020-08-25
  • Author: Ignacio Bermudez Corrales, Splunk
  • ID: 59c0dd70-169c-4900-9a1f-bfcf13302f93

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1059 Command and Scripting Interpreter Execution
T1053 Scheduled Task/Job Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
NIST
  • PR.PT
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 8
CVE
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| from read_ssa_enriched_events() 
| eval device=ucast(map_get(input_event, "dest_device_id"), "string", null), process_name=lower(ucast(map_get(input_event, "process_name"), "string", null)), timestamp=parse_long(ucast(map_get(input_event, "_time"), "string", null)) 
| where process_name=="regsvcs.exe" OR process_name=="ftp.exe" OR process_name=="dfsvc.exe" OR process_name=="rasautou.exe" OR process_name=="schtasks.exe" OR process_name=="xwizard.exe" OR process_name=="findstr.exe" OR process_name=="esentutl.exe" OR process_name=="cscript.exe" OR process_name=="reg.exe" OR process_name=="csc.exe" OR process_name=="atbroker.exe" OR process_name=="print.exe" OR process_name=="pcwrun.exe" OR process_name=="vbc.exe" OR process_name=="rpcping.exe" OR process_name=="wsreset.exe" OR process_name=="ilasm.exe" OR process_name=="certutil.exe" OR process_name=="replace.exe" OR process_name=="mshta.exe" OR process_name=="bitsadmin.exe" OR process_name=="wscript.exe" OR process_name=="ieexec.exe" OR process_name=="cmd.exe" OR process_name=="microsoft.workflow.compiler.exe" OR process_name=="runscripthelper.exe" OR process_name=="makecab.exe" OR process_name=="forfiles.exe" OR process_name=="desktopimgdownldr.exe" OR process_name=="control.exe" OR process_name=="msbuild.exe" OR process_name=="register-cimprovider.exe" OR process_name=="tttracer.exe" OR process_name=="ie4uinit.exe" OR process_name=="sc.exe" OR process_name=="bash.exe" OR process_name=="hh.exe" OR process_name=="cmstp.exe" OR process_name=="mmc.exe" OR process_name=="jsc.exe" OR process_name=="scriptrunner.exe" OR process_name=="odbcconf.exe" OR process_name=="extexport.exe" OR process_name=="msdt.exe" OR process_name=="diskshadow.exe" OR process_name=="extrac32.exe" OR process_name=="eventvwr.exe" OR process_name=="mavinject.exe" OR process_name=="regasm.exe" OR process_name=="gpscript.exe" OR process_name=="rundll32.exe" OR process_name=="regsvr32.exe" OR process_name=="regedit.exe" OR process_name=="msiexec.exe" OR process_name=="gfxdownloadwrapper.exe" OR process_name=="presentationhost.exe" OR process_name=="regini.exe" OR process_name=="wmic.exe" OR process_name=="runonce.exe" OR process_name=="syncappvpublishingserver.exe" OR process_name=="verclsid.exe" OR process_name=="psr.exe" OR process_name=="infdefaultinstall.exe" OR process_name=="explorer.exe" OR process_name=="expand.exe" OR process_name=="installutil.exe" OR process_name=="netsh.exe" OR process_name=="wab.exe" OR process_name=="dnscmd.exe" OR process_name=="at.exe" OR process_name=="pcalua.exe" OR process_name=="cmdkey.exe" OR process_name=="msconfig.exe" 
| stats count(process_name) as lolbas_counter by device,span(timestamp, 300s) 
| eval lolbas_counter=lolbas_counter*1.0 
| rename window_end as timestamp 
| adaptive_threshold algorithm="quantile" value="lolbas_counter" entity="device" window=2419200000L 
| where label AND quantile>0.99 
| eval start_time = window_start, end_time = timestamp, entities = mvappend(device), body=create_map(["lolbas_counter", lolbas_counter, "quantile", quantile, "device", device]) 
| into write_ssa_detected_events();

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: unusual_lolbas_in_short_period_of_time_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • dest_device_id
  • _time
  • process_name

How To Implement

Collect endpoint data such as sysmon or 4688 events.

Known False Positives

Some administrative tasks may involve multiple use of LOLBAS applications in a short period of time. This might trigger false positives at the beginning when it hasn't collected yet enough data to construct the baseline.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
25.0 50 50 A system process $process_name$ with commandline $cmd_line$ spawn iin short period of time in host $dest_device_id$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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