THIS IS A DEPRECATED DETECTION
This detection has been marked deprecated by the Splunk Threat Research team. This means that it will no longer be maintained or supported.
This search looks for command-line arguments that use a
/c parameter to execute a command that has not previously been seen.
- Type: Hunting
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint
- Last Updated: 2020-07-21
- Author: Bhavin Patel, Splunk
- ID: a1b6e73f-98d5-470f-99ac-77aacd578473
Kill Chain Phase
- Command & Control
- Actions on Objectives
- CIS 3
- CIS 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.process_name = cmd.exe Processes.process = "* /c *" by Processes.process Processes.process_name Processes.parent_process_name Processes.dest | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | search [ | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` earliest(_time) as firstTime latest(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.process_name = cmd.exe Processes.process = "* /c *" by Processes.process | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | inputlookup append=t previously_seen_cmd_line_arguments | stats min(firstTime) as firstTime, max(lastTime) as lastTime by process | outputlookup previously_seen_cmd_line_arguments | eval newCmdLineArgument=if(firstTime >= relative_time(now(), "-70m@m"), 1, 0) | where newCmdLineArgument=1 | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | table process] | `first_time_seen_command_line_argument_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
first_time_seen_command_line_argument_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
The SPL above uses the following Lookups:
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
You must be ingesting data that records process activity from your hosts to populate the Endpoint data model in the Processes node. You must be ingesting logs with both the process name and command line from your endpoints. The complete process name with command-line arguments are mapped to the "process" field in the Endpoint data model. Please make sure you run the support search "Previously seen command line arguments,"—which creates a lookup file called
previously_seen_cmd_line_arguments.csv—a historical baseline of all command-line arguments. You must also validate this list. For the search to do accurate calculation, ensure the search scheduling is the same value as the
relative_time evaluation function.
Known False Positives
Legitimate programs can also use command-line arguments to execute. Please verify the command-line arguments to check what command/program is being executed. We recommend customizing the
first_time_seen_cmd_line_filter macro to exclude legitimate parent_process_name
Associated Analytic Story
- DHS Report TA18-074A
- Suspicious Command-Line Executions
- Orangeworm Attack Group
- Possible Backdoor Activity Associated With MUDCARP Espionage Campaigns
- Hidden Cobra Malware
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
source | version: 5