The search looks for modifications to the hosts file on all Windows endpoints across your environment.
- Type: TTP
Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Last Updated: 2018-11-02
- Author: Rico Valdez, Splunk
- ID: 06a6fc63-a72d-41dc-8736-7e3dd9612116
Kill Chain Phase
- Command & Control
- CIS 3
- CIS 8
- CIS 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime FROM datamodel=Endpoint.Filesystem by Filesystem.file_name Filesystem.file_path Filesystem.dest | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | search Filesystem.file_name=hosts AND Filesystem.file_path=*Windows\\System32\\* | `drop_dm_object_name(Filesystem)` | `windows_hosts_file_modification_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
windows_hosts_file_modification_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search, you must be ingesting data that records the file-system activity from your hosts to populate the Endpoint.Filesystem data model node. This is typically populated via endpoint detection-and-response product, such as Carbon Black, or by other endpoint data sources, such as Sysmon. The data used for this search is typically generated via logs that report file-system reads and writes.
Known False Positives
There may be legitimate reasons for system administrators to add entries to this file.
Associated Analytic story
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
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