Awk is mostly used for processing and scanning patterns. It checks one or more files to determine whether any lines fit the specified patterns, and if so, it does the appropriate action. If sudo right is given to AWK binary for the user, then the user can run system commands as root and possibly get a root shell.
- Type: Anomaly
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint
- Last Updated: 2022-07-31
- Author: Gowthamaraj Rajendran, Splunk
- ID: 4510cae0-96a2-4840-9919-91d262db210a
Kill Chain Phase
- CIS 3
- CIS 5
- CIS 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.process="*sudo*" AND Processes.process="*awk*" AND Processes.process="*BEGIN*system*" by Processes.dest Processes.user Processes.parent_process_name Processes.process_name Processes.process Processes.process_id Processes.parent_process_id Processes.process_guid | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | `linux_awk_privilege_escalation_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
linux_awk_privilege_escalation_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints into the Endpoint datamodel. If you are using Sysmon, you can use the Add-on for Linux Sysmon from Splunkbase.
Known False Positives
False positives are present based on automated tooling or system administrative usage. Filter as needed.
Associated Analytic Story
|30.0||60||50||An instance of $parent_process_name$ spawning $process_name$ was identified on endpoint $dest$|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
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