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Description

The search looks for a batch file (.bat) written to the Windows system directory tree.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2021-09-16
  • Author: Michael Haag, Rico Valdez, Splunk
  • ID: 503d17cb-9eab-4cf8-a20e-01d5c6987ae3

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1204 User Execution Execution
T1204.002 Malicious File Execution
Kill Chain Phase
  • Delivery
NIST
  • PR.PT
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 8
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count FROM datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.process_name=*  by _time span=1h Processes.process_id Processes.process_name Processes.dest 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| join process_guid, _time [
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime FROM datamodel=Endpoint.Filesystem where Filesystem.file_path IN ("*\\system32\\*", "*\\syswow64\\*") Filesystem.file_name="*.bat" by _time span=1h Filesystem.dest Filesystem.file_create_time Filesystem.file_name Filesystem.file_path 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Filesystem)` 
| fields _time dest file_create_time file_name file_path process_name process_path process] 
| dedup file_create_time 
| table dest file_create_time, file_name, file_path, process_name  
| `batch_file_write_to_system32_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: batch_file_write_to_system32_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Supported Add-on (TA)

List of Splunk Add-on’s tested to work with the analytic.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • Filesystem.dest
  • Filesystem.file_name
  • Filesystem.user
  • Filesystem.file_path
  • Processes.process_id
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.dest

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on process that include the name of the process responsible for the changes from your endpoints into the Endpoint datamodel in the Processes node. In addition, confirm the latest CIM App 4.20 or higher is installed and the latest TA for the endpoint product.

Known False Positives

It is possible for this search to generate a notable event for a batch file write to a path that includes the string "system32", but is not the actual Windows system directory. As such, you should confirm the path of the batch file identified by the search. In addition, a false positive may be generated by an administrator copying a legitimate batch file in this directory tree. You should confirm that the activity is legitimate and modify the search to add exclusions, as necessary.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
63.0 70 90 A file - $file_name$ was written to system32 has occurred on endpoint $dest$ by user $user$.

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2