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This analytic identifies suspicious modification of ACL permission to a files or folder to make it available to everyone. This technique may be used by the adversary to evade ACLs or protected files access. This changes is commonly configured by the file or directory owner with appropriate permission. This behavior is a good indicator if this command seen on a machine utilized by an account with no permission to do so.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2022-03-17
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Splunk
  • ID: 7e8458cc-acca-11eb-9e3f-acde48001122




ID Technique Tactic
T1222 File and Directory Permissions Modification Defense Evasion
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` values(Processes.process) as process values(Processes.process_id) as process_id count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where (Processes.process_name = "cacls.exe" OR Processes.process_name = "icacls.exe" OR Processes.process_name = "xcacls.exe") AND Processes.process = "*/G*" AND (Processes.process = "* everyone:*"  OR Processes.process = "* SYSTEM:*" OR Processes.process = "* S-1-1-0:*") by Processes.parent_process_name Processes.process_name Processes.dest Processes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `modify_acl_permission_to_files_or_folder_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: modify_acl_permission_to_files_or_folder_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Supported Add-on (TA)

List of Splunk Add-on’s tested to work with the analytic.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • Processes.parent_process_name
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.dest
  • Processes.user
  • Processes.process
  • Processes.process_id

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints. If you are using Sysmon, you must have at least version 6.0.4 of the Sysmon TA. Tune and filter known instances where renamed cacls.exe may be used.

Known False Positives

administrators may use this command. Filter as needed.

Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
32.0 40 80 Suspicious ACL permission modification on $dest$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2