Possible Lateral Movement PowerShell Spawn
The following analytic assists with identifying a PowerShell process spawned as a child or grand child process of commonly abused processes during lateral movement techniques including
mmc.exe. Legitimate Windows features such as the Service Control Manager, Windows Management Instrumentation, Task Scheduler, Windows Remote Management and the DCOM protocol can be abused to start a process on a remote endpoint. Looking for PowerShell spawned out of this processes may reveal a lateral movement attack. Red Teams and adversaries alike may abuse these services during a breach for lateral movement and remote code execution.
- Type: Anomaly
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint
- Last Updated: 2021-11-29
- Author: Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
- ID: cb909b3e-512b-11ec-aa31-3e22fbd008af
|T1021||Remote Services||Lateral Movement|
|T1021.003||Distributed Component Object Model||Lateral Movement|
|T1021.006||Windows Remote Management||Lateral Movement|
|T1047||Windows Management Instrumentation||Execution|
|T1053.005||Scheduled Task||Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation|
|T1543.003||Windows Service||Persistence, Privilege Escalation|
Kill Chain Phase
1 2 3 4 5 6 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where (Processes.parent_process_name=wmiprvse.exe OR Processes.parent_process_name=services.exe OR Processes.parent_process_name=svchost.exe OR Processes.parent_process_name=wsmprovhost.exe OR Processes.parent_process_name=mmc.exe) (Processes.process_name=powershell.exe OR (Processes.process_name=cmd.exe AND Processes.process=*powershell.exe*) OR Processes.process_name=pwsh.exe OR (Processes.process_name=cmd.exe AND Processes.process=*pwsh.exe*)) by Processes.dest Processes.user Processes.parent_process_name Processes.process_name Processes.process Processes.process_id Processes.parent_process_id | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | `possible_lateral_movement_powershell_spawn_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
possible_lateral_movement_powershell_spawn_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
Supported Add-on (TA)
List of Splunk Add-on’s tested to work with the analytic.
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints.
Known False Positives
Legitimate applications may spawn PowerShell as a child process of the the identified processes. Filter as needed.
Associated Analytic Story
|45.0||90||50||A PowerShell process was spawned as a child process of typically abused processes on $dest$|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our
replay.py tool or the UI.
Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range
source | version: 1