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Description

The following analytic utilizes PowerShell Script Block Logging (EventCode=4104) to identify the [Adsisearcher] type accelerator being used to query Active Directory for domain groups. Red Teams and adversaries may leverage [Adsisearcher] to enumerate domain users for situational awareness and Active Directory Discovery.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2021-08-24
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
  • ID: de7fcadc-04f3-11ec-a241-acde48001122

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1087.002 Domain Account Discovery
T1087 Account Discovery Discovery
Kill Chain Phase
  • Reconnaissance
NIST
CIS20
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
`powershell` EventCode=4104 Message = "*[adsisearcher]*" Message = "*objectcategory=user*" Message = "*.findAll()*" 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by EventCode Message ComputerName User 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `adsisearcher_account_discovery_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: adsisearcher_account_discovery_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • EventCode
  • Message
  • ComputerName
  • User

How To Implement

The following Hunting analytic requires PowerShell operational logs to be imported. Modify the powershell macro as needed to match the sourcetype or add index. This analytic is specific to 4104, or PowerShell Script Block Logging.

Known False Positives

Administrators or power users may use this command for troubleshooting.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
25.0 50 50 powershell process having commandline $Message$ for user enumeration

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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