This search is to detect a suspicious excessive usage of sc.exe in a host machine. This technique was seen in several ransomware , xmrig and other malware to create, modify, delete or disable a service may related to security application or to gain privilege escalation.
- Type: Anomaly
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint
- Last Updated: 2021-06-24
- Author: Teoderick Contreras, Splunk
- ID: cb6b339e-d4c6-11eb-a026-acde48001122
Kill Chain Phase
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 `sysmon` EventCode = 1 process_name = "sc.exe" | bucket _time span=15m | stats values(process) as process count as numScExe by Computer, _time | eventstats avg(numScExe) as avgScExe, stdev(numScExe) as stdScExe, count as numSlots by Computer | eval upperThreshold=(avgScExe + stdScExe *3) | eval isOutlier=if(avgScExe > 5 and avgScExe >= upperThreshold, 1, 0) | search isOutlier=1 | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | `excessive_usage_of_sc_service_utility_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
Note that excessive_usage_of_sc_service_utility_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints. If you are using Sysmon, you must have at least version 6.0.4 of the Sysmon TA. Tune and filter known instances where renamed taskkill.exe may be used.
Known False Positives
excessive execution of sc.exe is quite suspicious since it can modify or execute app in high privilege permission.
Associated Analytic story
|25.0||50||50||Excessive Usage Of SC Service Utility|
source | version: 1