Windows Rundll32 WebDav With Network Connection
THIS IS A EXPERIMENTAL DETECTION
This detection has been marked experimental by the Splunk Threat Research team. This means we have not been able to test, simulate, or build datasets for this detection. Use at your own risk. This analytic is NOT supported.
The following analytic identifies rundll32.exe with the commandline arguments loading davclnt.dll function - davsetcookie - to be used to access a remote WebDav instance. The analytic attempts to use join from Processes and All_Traffic to identify the network connection. This particular behavior was recently showcased in CVE-2023-23397.
- Type: TTP
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint, Network_Traffic
- Last Updated: 2023-03-16
- Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
- ID: f03355e0-28b5-4e9b-815a-6adffc63b38c
Kill Chain Phase
- Actions On Objectives
- CIS 10
|CVE-2023-23397||Microsoft Outlook Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability||None|
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime FROM datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.parent_process_name=svchost.exe `process_rundll32` Processes.process IN ("*\\windows\\system32\\davclnt.dll,*davsetcookie*", "*\\windows\\syswow64\\davclnt.dll,*davsetcookie*") by host _time span=1h Processes.process_id Processes.process_name Processes.dest Processes.process_path Processes.process Processes.parent_process_name Processes.parent_process | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | rename dest as src | join host process_id [ | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count latest(All_Traffic.dest) as dest latest(All_Traffic.dest_ip) as dest_ip latest(All_Traffic.dest_port) as dest_port FROM datamodel=Network_Traffic.All_Traffic where All_Traffic.dest_port!=0 NOT (All_Traffic.dest_ip IN (10.0.0.0/12, 172.16.0.0/12, 192.168.0.0/16)) by host All_Traffic.process_id | `drop_dm_object_name(All_Traffic)`] | `windows_rundll32_webdav_with_network_connection_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
windows_rundll32_webdav_with_network_connection_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
We removed the parent_process_name=svchost.exe to look more broad, this will need to be tuned. To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on process that include the name of the process responsible for the changes from your endpoints into the
Endpoint datamodel in the
Processes node and the All_Traffic Datamodel. In addition, confirm the latest CIM App 4.20 or higher is installed and the latest TA for the endpoint product.
Known False Positives
False positives will be present based on legitimate software, filtering may need to occur.
Associated Analytic Story
|48.0||80||60||An instance of $parent_process_name$ spawning $process_name$ was identified on endpoint $dest$ by user $user$ attempting to contact a remote WebDav server.|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
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source | version: 1