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Description

The following analytic utilizes PowerShell Script Block Logging (EventCode=4104) to identify the execution of the Set-ADAccountControl commandlet with specific parameters. Set-ADAccountControl is part of the Active Directory PowerShell module used to manage Windows Active Directory networks. As the name suggests, Set-ADAccountControl is used to modify User Account Control values for an Active Directory domain account. With the appropiate parameters, Set-ADAccountControl allows adversaries to disable Kerberos Pre-Authentication for an account to to easily perform a brute force attack against the user’s password offline leveraging the ASP REP Roasting technique. Red Teams and adversaries alike who have obtained privileges in an Active Directory network may use this technique as a backdoor or a way to escalate privileges.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2022-03-22
  • Author: Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
  • ID: 59b51620-94c9-11ec-b3d5-acde48001122

Annotations

ATT&CK
ID Technique Tactic
T1558 Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets Credential Access
T1558.004 AS-REP Roasting Credential Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
NIST
CIS20
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
`powershell` EventCode=4104 (ScriptBlockText = "*Set-ADAccountControl*" AND ScriptBlockText="*DoesNotRequirePreAuth:$true*") 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by EventCode ScriptBlockText Computer user_id 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `kerberos_pre_authentication_flag_disabled_with_powershell_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

Note that kerberos_pre-authentication_flag_disabled_with_powershell_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required field

  • _time

How To Implement

To successfully implement this analytic, you will need to enable PowerShell Script Block Logging on some or all endpoints. Additional setup here https://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/UBA/5.0.4.1/GetDataIn/AddPowerShell#Configure_module_logging_for_PowerShell.

Known False Positives

Although unlikely, Administrators may need to set this flag for legitimate purposes.

Associated Analytic story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
45.0 50 90 Kerberos Pre Authentication was Disabled using PowerShell on $dest$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2