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Description

This detection is to identify the abuse the Windows SC.exe to execute malicious commands or payloads via PowerShell.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2021-04-07
  • Author: Ryan Becwar
  • ID: 8e204dfd-cae0-4ea8-a61d-e972a1ff2ff8

Annotations

ATT&CK
ID Technique Tactic
T1569 System Services Execution
T1569.002 Service Execution Execution
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
NIST
CIS20
CVE
1
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 `wineventlog_system` EventCode=7045 
| eval l_Service_File_Name=lower(Service_File_Name) 
| regex l_Service_File_Name="powershell[.\s]
|powershell_ise[.\s]
|pwsh[.\s]
|psexec[.\s]" 
| regex l_Service_File_Name="-nop[rofile\s]+
|-w[indowstyle]*\s+hid[den]*
|-noe[xit\s]+
|-enc[odedcommand\s]+" 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by EventCode Service_File_Name Service_Name Service_Start_Type Service_Type Service_Account user 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `malicious_powershell_executed_as_a_service_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

Note that malicious_powershell_executed_as_a_service_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required field

  • EventCode
  • Service_File_Name
  • Service_Type
  • _time
  • Service_Name
  • Service_Start_Type
  • Service_Account
  • user

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting Windows System logs with the Service name, Service File Name Service Start type, and Service Type from your endpoints.

Known False Positives

Creating a hidden powershell service is rare and could key off of those instances.

Associated Analytic story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
72.0 90 80 Identifies the abuse the Windows SC.exe to execute malicious powerShell as a service $Service_File_Name$ by $user$ on $dest$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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