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Description

This search looks for PowerShell processes launched with arguments that have characters indicative of obfuscation on the command-line.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint- Datasource: Splunk Add-on for Sysmon
  • Last Updated: 2021-01-19
  • Author: David Dorsey, Splunk
  • ID: cde75cf6-3c7a-4dd6-af01-27cdb4511fd4

Annotations

ATT&CK
ID Technique Tactic
T1059 Command and Scripting Interpreter Execution
T1059.001 PowerShell Execution
Kill Chain Phase
  • Command & Control
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • PR.PT
  • DE.CM
  • PR.IP
CIS20
  • CIS 3
  • CIS 7
  • CIS 8
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count values(Processes.process) as process values(Processes.parent_process) as parent_process min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where `process_powershell` by Processes.user Processes.process_name Processes.original_file_name Processes.parent_process_name Processes.dest Processes.process 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)`
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)`
| eval num_obfuscation = (mvcount(split(process,"`"))-1) + (mvcount(split(process, "^"))-1) + (mvcount(split(process, "'"))-1) 
| `malicious_powershell_process_with_obfuscation_techniques_filter` 
| search num_obfuscation > 10 

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

Note that malicious_powershell_process_with_obfuscation_techniques_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required field

  • _time
  • Processes.dest
  • Processes.user
  • Processes.parent_process_name
  • Processes.parent_process
  • Processes.original_file_name
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.process
  • Processes.process_id
  • Processes.parent_process_path
  • Processes.process_path
  • Processes.parent_process_id

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on process that include the name of the process responsible for the changes from your endpoints into the Endpoint datamodel in the Processes node. In addition, confirm the latest CIM App 4.20 or higher is installed and the latest TA for the endpoint product.

Known False Positives

These characters might be legitimately on the command-line, but it is not common.

Associated Analytic story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
42.0 70 60 Powershell.exe running with potential obfuscated arguments on $dest$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 5