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The following analytic identifies suspicious PowerShell script execution via EventCode 4104 that is processing compressed stream data. This is typically found in obfuscated PowerShell or PowerShell executing embedded .NET or binary files that are stream flattened and will be deflated durnig execution. During triage, review parallel processes within the same timeframe. Review the full script block to identify other related artifacts.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel:
  • Last Updated: 2021-06-10
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Splunk
  • ID: 0d718b52-c9f1-11eb-bc61-acde48001122


ID Technique Tactic
T1059 Command and Scripting Interpreter Execution
T1059.001 PowerShell Execution
`powershell` EventCode=4104 Message = "*IO.Compression.*" OR Message = "*IO.StreamReader*" OR Message = "*]::Decompress*" 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by EventCode Message ComputerName User 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `powershell_processing_stream_of_data_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

To successfully implement this analytic, you will need to enable PowerShell Script Block Logging on some or all endpoints. Additional setup here

Required field

  • _time
  • EventCode
  • Message
  • ComputerName
  • User
  • Score

Kill Chain Phase

  • Exploitation

Known False Positives

powershell may used this function to process compressed data.


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
40.0 50 80 A suspicious powershell script contains stream command in $Message$ commonly for processing compressed or to decompressed binary file with EventCode $EventCode$ in host $ComputerName$


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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