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Description

This search detects the process execution and arguments required to silently create a shim database. The sdbinst.exe application is used to install shim database files (.sdb). A shim is a small library which transparently intercepts an API, changes the parameters passed, handles the operation itself, or redirects the operation elsewhere.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint- Datasource: Splunk Add-on for Sysmon
  • Last Updated: 2020-11-23
  • Author: David Dorsey, Splunk
  • ID: 404620de-46d8-48b6-90cc-8a8d7b0876a3

Annotations

ATT&CK
ID Technique Tactic
T1546.011 Application Shimming Persistence, Privilege Escalation
T1546 Event Triggered Execution Persistence, Privilege Escalation
Kill Chain Phase
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 8
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` values(Processes.process) as process min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.process_name = sdbinst.exe by Processes.process_name Processes.parent_process_name Processes.dest Processes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `shim_database_installation_with_suspicious_parameters_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

Note that shim_database_installation_with_suspicious_parameters_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required field

  • _time
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.parent_process_name
  • Processes.dest
  • Processes.user

How To Implement

You must be ingesting data that records process activity from your hosts to populate the Endpoint data model in the Processes node. You must also be ingesting logs with both the process name and command line from your endpoints. The command-line arguments are mapped to the “process” field in the Endpoint data model.

Known False Positives

None identified

Associated Analytic story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
63.0 70 90 A process $process_name$ that possible create a shim db silently in host $dest$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 4