Start-BitsTransfer is the PowerShell "version" of BitsAdmin.exe. Similar functionality is present. This technique variation is not as commonly used by adversaries, but has been abused in the past. Lesser known uses include the ability to set the
Upload for exfiltration of files. In an instance where
Upload is used, it is highly possible files will be archived. During triage, review parallel processes and process lineage. Capture any files on disk and review. For the remote domain or IP, what is the reputation?
- Type: TTP
- Product: Splunk Behavioral Analytics
- Datamodel: Endpoint_Processes
- Last Updated: 2022-02-16
- Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
- ID: 0bafd086-8f61-11ec-996e-acde48001122
|T1197||BITS Jobs||Defense Evasion, Persistence|
|T1105||Ingress Tool Transfer||Command And Control|
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | from read_ssa_enriched_events() | eval timestamp=parse_long(ucast(map_get(input_event, "_time"), "string", null)), cmd_line=lower(ucast(map_get(input_event, "process"), "string", null)), process_name=lower(ucast(map_get(input_event, "process_name"), "string", null)), process_path=ucast(map_get(input_event, "process_path"), "string", null), parent_process_name=ucast(map_get(input_event, "parent_process_name"), "string", null), event_id=ucast(map_get(input_event, "event_id"), "string", null) | where cmd_line IS NOT NULL AND process_name IS NOT NULL | where process_name="pwsh.exe" OR process_name="pwsh.exe" OR process_name="sqlps.exe" OR process_name="sqltoolsps.exe" OR process_name="powershell.exe" OR process_name="powershell_ise.exe" | where (like (cmd_line, "%start-bitstransfer%")) | eval start_time=timestamp, end_time=timestamp, entities=mvappend(ucast(map_get(input_event, "dest_user_id"), "string", null), ucast(map_get(input_event, "dest_device_id"), "string", null)), body=create_map(["event_id", event_id, "cmd_line", cmd_line, "process_name", process_name, "parent_process_name", parent_process_name, "process_path", process_path]) | into write_ssa_detected_events();
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
windows_powershell_start-bitstransfer_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on process that include the name of the process responsible for the changes from your endpoints into the
Known False Positives
Limited false positives. It is possible administrators will utilize Start-BitsTransfer for administrative tasks, otherwise filter based parent process or command-line arguments.
Associated Analytic story
Kill Chain Phase
|49.0||70||70||An instance of $parent_process_name$ spawning $process_name$ was identified on endpoint $dest$ by user $dest_user_id$ attempting to download a file.|
Note that risk score is calculated base on the following formula:
(Impact * Confidence)/100
source | version: 1