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Description

By enabling Dynamic ARP Inspection as a Layer 2 Security measure on the organization's network devices, we will be able to detect ARP Poisoning attacks in the Infrastructure.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel:
  • Last Updated: 2020-08-11
  • Author: Mikael Bjerkeland, Splunk
  • ID: b44bebd6-bd39-467b-9321-73971bcd7aac

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1200 Hardware Additions Initial Access
T1498 Network Denial of Service Impact
T1557 Man-in-the-Middle Credential Access, Collection
T1557.002 ARP Cache Poisoning Credential Access, Collection
`cisco_networks` facility="PM" mnemonic="ERR_DISABLE" disable_cause="arp-inspection" 
| eval src_interface=src_int_prefix_long+src_int_suffix 
| stats min(_time) AS firstTime max(_time) AS lastTime count BY host src_interface 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)`
|`security_content_ctime(lastTime)`
| `detect_arp_poisoning_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

This search uses a standard SPL query on logs from Cisco Network devices. The network devices must be configured with DHCP Snooping (see https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2960x/software/15-0_2_EX/security/configuration_guide/b_sec_152ex_2960-x_cg/b_sec_152ex_2960-x_cg_chapter_01101.html) and Dynamic ARP Inspection (see https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2960x/software/15-2_2_e/security/configuration_guide/b_sec_1522e_2960x_cg/b_sec_1522e_2960x_cg_chapter_01111.html) and log with a severity level of minimum "5 - notification". The search also requires that the Cisco Networks Add-on for Splunk (https://splunkbase.splunk.com/app/1467) is used to parse the logs from the Cisco network devices.

Required field

  • _time
  • facility
  • mnemonic
  • disable_cause
  • src_int_prefix_long
  • src_int_suffix
  • host
  • src_interface

Kill Chain Phase

  • Reconnaissance
  • Delivery
  • Actions on Objectives

Known False Positives

This search might be prone to high false positives if DHCP Snooping or ARP inspection has been incorrectly configured, or if a device normally sends many ARP packets (unlikely).

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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