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The following analytic identifies potential exploitation attempts on a known vulnerability in Atlassian Confluence, targeting the /setup/.action URL pattern. By analyzing web logs within the Splunk 'Web' Data Model, it filters for successful accesses (HTTP status 200) to these vulnerable endpoints. Such behavior is crucial for a SOC to monitor, as it suggests attackers might be exploiting a privilege escalation flaw in Confluence. A true positive implies a possible unauthorized access or account creation with escalated privileges. Key details captured include user-agent, HTTP methods, URL length, and source and destination IPs. These insights aid SOCs in swiftly detecting and responding to threats, ensuring vulnerabilities are mitigated before substantial compromise.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Web
  • Last Updated: 2023-10-18
  • Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
  • ID: 115bebac-0976-4f7d-a3ec-d1fb45a39a11




ID Technique Tactic
T1190 Exploit Public-Facing Application Initial Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Delivery
  • DE.CM
  • CIS 13
ID Summary CVSS
CVE-2023-22518 All versions of Confluence Data Center and Server are affected by this unexploited vulnerability. This Improper Authorization vulnerability allows an unauthenticated attacker to reset Confluence and create a Confluence instance administrator account. Using this account, an attacker can then perform all administrative actions that are available to Confluence instance administrator leading to - but not limited to - full loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability.   
Atlassian Cloud sites are not affected by this vulnerability. If your Confluence site is accessed via an domain, it is hosted by Atlassian and is not vulnerable to this issue. None
| tstats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Web where Web.url IN ("*/setup/setupadministrator.action*", "*/setup/finishsetup.action*", "*/json/setup-restore-local.action*", "*/json/setup-restore-progress.action*", "*/json/setup-restore.action*", "*/bootstrap/selectsetupstep.action*") Web.status=200 by Web.http_user_agent, Web.status Web.http_method, Web.url, Web.url_length, Web.src, Web.dest, sourcetype 
| `drop_dm_object_name("Web")` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `confluence_data_center_and_server_privilege_escalation_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: confluence_data_center_and_server_privilege_escalation_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • Web.http_method
  • Web.url
  • Web.url_length
  • Web.src
  • Web.dest
  • Web.http_user_agent

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on Web traffic that include fields relavent for traffic into the Web datamodel.

Known False Positives

False positives may be present with legitimate applications. Attempt to filter by dest IP or use Asset groups to restrict to confluence servers.

Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
72.0 90 80 Potential exploitation attempts on a known vulnerability in Atlassian Confluence detected. The source IP is $src$ and the destination hostname is $dest$.

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 3