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The following analytic identifies potential server-side template injection attempts related to CVE-2022-22954. It detects suspicious URL patterns containing "deviceudid" and keywords like "java.lang.ProcessBuilder" or "freemarker.template.utility.ObjectConstructor" using web or proxy logs within the Web Datamodel. This activity is significant as it may indicate an attempt to exploit a known vulnerability in VMware, potentially leading to remote code execution. If confirmed malicious, attackers could gain unauthorized access, execute arbitrary code, and compromise the affected system, posing a severe security risk.

  • Type: Hunting
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Web
  • Last Updated: 2024-05-12
  • Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
  • ID: 5796b570-ad12-44df-b1b5-b7e6ae3aabb0




ID Technique Tactic
T1190 Exploit Public-Facing Application Initial Access
T1133 External Remote Services Persistence, Initial Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Delivery
  • Installation
  • DE.AE
  • CIS 13
ID Summary CVSS
CVE-2022-22954 VMware Workspace ONE Access and Identity Manager contain a remote code execution vulnerability due to server-side template injection. A malicious actor with network access can trigger a server-side template injection that may result in remote code execution. 10.0
| tstats count from datamodel=Web where Web.http_method IN ("GET") Web.url="*deviceudid=*" AND Web.url IN ("*java.lang.ProcessBuilder*","*freemarker.template.utility.ObjectConstructor*") by Web.http_user_agent Web.http_method, Web.url,Web.url_length Web.src, Web.dest sourcetype 
| `drop_dm_object_name("Web")` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `vmware_server_side_template_injection_hunt_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: vmware_server_side_template_injection_hunt_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • Web.http_method
  • Web.url
  • Web.url_length
  • Web.src
  • Web.dest
  • Web.http_user_agent

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting web or proxy logs, or ensure it is being filled by a proxy like device, into the Web Datamodel. For additional filtering, allow list private IP space or restrict by known good.

Known False Positives

False positives may be present if the activity is blocked or was not successful. Filter known vulnerablity scanners. Filter as needed.

Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
35.0 70 50 An attempt to exploit a VMware Server Side Injection CVE-2022-22954 on $dest$ has occurred.

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2