Try in Splunk Security Cloud

Description

Find EC2 instances being created with previously unseen instance types.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Change
  • Last Updated: 2020-09-12
  • Author: David Dorsey, Splunk
  • ID: c6ddbf53-9715-49f3-bb4c-fb2e8a309cda

Annotations

ATT&CK
Kill Chain Phase
  • Actions on Objectives
NIST
  • ID.AM
CIS20
  • CIS 1
CVE
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| tstats earliest(_time) as firstTime, latest(_time) as lastTime values(All_Changes.object_id) as dest, count from datamodel=Change where All_Changes.action=created by All_Changes.Instance_Changes.instance_type, All_Changes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name("All_Changes")` 
| `drop_dm_object_name("Instance_Changes")` 
| where instance_type != "unknown" 
| lookup previously_seen_cloud_compute_instance_types instance_type as instance_type OUTPUTNEW firstTimeSeen, enough_data 
| eventstats max(enough_data) as enough_data 
| where enough_data=1 
| eval firstTimeSeenInstanceType=min(firstTimeSeen) 
| where isnull(firstTimeSeenInstanceType) OR firstTimeSeenInstanceType > relative_time(now(), "-24h@h") 
| table firstTime, user, dest, count, instance_type 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `cloud_compute_instance_created_with_previously_unseen_instance_type_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: cloud_compute_instance_created_with_previously_unseen_instance_type_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Lookups

The SPL above uses the following Lookups:

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • All_Changes.object_id
  • All_Changes.action
  • All_Changes.Instance_Changes.instance_type
  • All_Changes.user

How To Implement

You must be ingesting your cloud infrastructure logs from your cloud provider. You should run the baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Compute Instance Types - Initial to build the initial table of instance types observed and times. You must also enable the second baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Compute Instance Types - Update to keep this table up to date and to age out old data. You can also provide additional filtering for this search by customizing the cloud_compute_instance_created_with_previously_unseen_instance_type_filter macro.

Known False Positives

It is possible that an admin will create a new system using a new instance type that has never been used before. Verify with the creator that they intended to create the system with the new instance type.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
30.0 50 60 User $user$ is creating an instance $dest$ with an instance type $instance_type$ that has not been previously seen.

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 1