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Find EC2 instances being created with previously unseen instance types.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Security Analytics for AWS, Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Change
  • Last Updated: 2020-09-12
  • Author: David Dorsey, Splunk
  • ID: c6ddbf53-9715-49f3-bb4c-fb2e8a309cda

| tstats earliest(_time) as firstTime, latest(_time) as lastTime values(All_Changes.object_id) as dest, count from datamodel=Change where All_Changes.action=created by All_Changes.Instance_Changes.instance_type, All_Changes.user 
| `drop_dm_object_name("All_Changes")` 
| `drop_dm_object_name("Instance_Changes")` 
| where instance_type != "unknown" 
| lookup previously_seen_cloud_compute_instance_types instance_type as instance_type OUTPUTNEW firstTimeSeen, enough_data 
| eventstats max(enough_data) as enough_data 
| where enough_data=1 
| eval firstTimeSeenInstanceType=min(firstTimeSeen) 
| where isnull(firstTimeSeenInstanceType) OR firstTimeSeenInstanceType > relative_time(now(), "-24h@h") 
| table firstTime, user, dest, count, instance_type 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `cloud_compute_instance_created_with_previously_unseen_instance_type_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

You must be ingesting your cloud infrastructure logs from your cloud provider. You should run the baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Compute Instance Types - Initial to build the initial table of instance types observed and times. You must also enable the second baseline search Previously Seen Cloud Compute Instance Types - Update to keep this table up to date and to age out old data. You can also provide additional filtering for this search by customizing the cloud_compute_instance_created_with_previously_unseen_instance_type_filter macro.

Required field

  • _time
  • All_Changes.object_id
  • All_Changes.action
  • All_Changes.Instance_Changes.instance_type
  • All_Changes.user

Kill Chain Phase

Known False Positives

It is possible that an admin will create a new system using a new instance type that has never been used before. Verify with the creator that they intended to create the system with the new instance type.


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
30.0 50 60 User $user$ is creating an instance $dest$ with an instance type $instance_type$ that has not been previously seen.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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