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Description

This analytic looks for the execution of powershell.exe with command-line arguments utilized to query for domain users. The Get-WmiObject commandlet combined with the -class ds_user parameter can be used to return the full list of users in a Windows domain. Red Teams and adversaries alike may leverage WMI in this case, using PowerShell, to enumerate domain users for situational awareness and Active Directory Discovery.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2021-08-24
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
  • ID: 22d3b118-04df-11ec-8fa3-acde48001122

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1087.002 Domain Account Discovery
T1087 Account Discovery Discovery
Kill Chain Phase
  • Reconnaissance
NIST
CIS20
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where (Processes.process_name="cmd.exe" OR Processes.process_name="powershell*") AND Processes.process = "*get-wmiobject*" AND Processes.process = "*ds_user*" AND Processes.process = "*root\\directory\\ldap*" AND Processes.process = "*-namespace*" by Processes.dest Processes.user Processes.parent_process Processes.process_name Processes.process Processes.process_id Processes.parent_process_id Processes.parent_process_name 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `getwmiobject_ds_user_with_powershell_filter`

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: getwmiobject_ds_user_with_powershell_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • Processes.dest
  • Processes.user
  • Processes.parent_process
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.process
  • Processes.process_id
  • Processes.parent_process_id
  • Processes.parent_process_name

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints. If you are using Sysmon, you must have at least version 6.0.4 of the Sysmon TA.

Known False Positives

Administrators or power users may use this command for troubleshooting.

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
25.0 50 50 an instance of process $process_name$ with commandline $process$ in $dest$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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