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The following analytic identifies DCRat "forkbomb" payload feature. This technique was seen in dark crystal RAT backdoor capabilities where it will execute several cmd child process executing "notepad.exe & pause". The following analytic detects the multiple cmd.exe and child process notepad.exe execution using batch script in the targeted host within 30s timeframe. this TTP can be a good pivot to check DCRat infection.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2022-07-28
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Splunk
  • ID: 2bb1a362-7aa8-444a-92ed-1987e8da83e1




ID Technique Tactic
T1059.003 Windows Command Shell Execution
T1059 Command and Scripting Interpreter Execution
Kill Chain Phase
  • Installation
  • DE.CM
  • CIS 10
| tstats `security_content_summariesonly` values(Processes.process) as process values(Processes.parent_process) as parent_process values(Processes.parent_process_id) as parent_process_id values(Processes.process_id) as process_id dc(Processes.parent_process_id) as parent_process_id_count dc(Processes.process_id) as process_id_count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.parent_process_name= "cmd.exe" (Processes.process_name = "notepad.exe" OR Processes.original_file_name= "notepad.exe") Processes.parent_process = "*.bat*" by  Processes.parent_process_name Processes.process_name Processes.original_file_name Processes.parent_process Processes.dest Processes.user  _time span=30s 
| where parent_process_id_count>= 10 AND process_id_count >=10 
| `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `windows_command_shell_dcrat_forkbomb_payload_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: windows_command_shell_dcrat_forkbomb_payload_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • Processes.dest
  • Processes.user
  • Processes.parent_process_name
  • Processes.parent_process
  • Processes.original_file_name
  • Processes.process_name
  • Processes.process
  • Processes.process_id
  • Processes.parent_process_path
  • Processes.process_path
  • Processes.parent_process_id

How To Implement

The detection is based on data that originates from Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) agents. These agents are designed to provide security-related telemetry from the endpoints where the agent is installed. To implement this search, you must ingest logs that contain the process GUID, process name, and parent process. Additionally, you must ingest complete command-line executions. These logs must be processed using the appropriate Splunk Technology Add-ons that are specific to the EDR product. The logs must also be mapped to the Processes node of the Endpoint data model. Use the Splunk Common Information Model (CIM) to normalize the field names and speed up the data modeling process.

Known False Positives


Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
81.0 90 90 Multiple cmd.exe processes with child process of notepad.exe executed on $dest$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

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