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This alert was written to detect activity associated with the DCSync attack. When a domain controller receives a replication request, the user account permissions are validated, however no checks are performed to validate the request was initiated by a Domain Controller. Once an attacker gains control of an account with the necessary privileges, they can request password hashes for any or all users within the domain. This alert detects when a user account creates a handle to domainDNS with the necessary replication permissions.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Authentication, Change
  • Last Updated: 2024-01-05
  • Author: Dean Luxton
  • ID: 51307514-1236-49f6-8686-d46d93cc2821




ID Technique Tactic
T1003.006 DCSync Credential Access
T1003 OS Credential Dumping Credential Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
  • DE.CM
  • CIS 10
`wineventlog_security` EventCode=4662 ObjectType IN ("%{19195a5b-6da0-11d0-afd3-00c04fd930c9}", "domainDNS") AND Properties IN ("*Replicating Directory Changes All*", "*{1131f6ad-9c07-11d1-f79f-00c04fc2dcd2}*", "*{9923a32a-3607-11d2-b9be-0000f87a36b2}*","*{1131f6ac-9c07-11d1-f79f-00c04fc2dcd2}*") AND AccessMask="0x100" AND NOT (SubjectUserSid="NT AUT*" OR SubjectUserSid="S-1-5-18" OR SubjectDomainName="Window Manager" OR SubjectUserName="*$") 
| stats min(_time) as _time, count by SubjectDomainName, SubjectUserName, Computer, Logon_ID, ObjectName, ObjectServer, ObjectType, OperationType, status 
| rename SubjectDomainName as Target_Domain, SubjectUserName as user, Logon_ID as TargetLogonId, _time as attack_time 
| appendpipe [
| map search="search `wineventlog_security` EventCode=4624 TargetLogonId=$TargetLogonId$"] 
| table attack_time, AuthenticationPackageName, LogonProcessName, LogonType, TargetUserSid, Target_Domain, user, Computer, TargetLogonId, status, src_ip, src_category, ObjectName, ObjectServer, ObjectType, OperationType 
| stats min(attack_time) as _time values(TargetUserSid) as TargetUserSid, values(Target_Domain) as Target_Domain, values(user) as user, values(Computer) as Computer, values(status) as status, values(src_category) as src_category, values(src_ip) as src_ip by TargetLogonId 
| `windows_ad_replication_request_initiated_by_user_account_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: windows_ad_replication_request_initiated_by_user_account_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • EventCode
  • ObjectType
  • Properties
  • AccessMask
  • SubjectDomainName
  • SubjectUserName
  • SubjectUserSid
  • Computer
  • Logon_ID
  • ObjectName
  • ObjectServer
  • ObjectType
  • OperationType
  • status

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting eventcode 4662. The Advanced Security Audit policy settings Audit Directory Services Access within DS Access needs to be enabled, as well as the following SACLs applied to the domain root and all descendant objects. The principals everybody, Domain Computers, and Domain Controllers auditing the permissions Replicating Directory Changes, Replicating Directory Changes All, and Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set

Known False Positives

Azure AD Connect syncing operations.

Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
100.0 100 100 Windows Active Directory Replication Request Initiated by User Account $user$ at $src_ip$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2