Office Product Spawning CertUtil
The following detection identifies the latest behavior utilized by different malware families (including TA551, IcedID). This detection identifies any Windows Office Product spawning
certutil.exe. In malicious instances, the command-line of
certutil.exe will contain a URL to a remote destination. In addition, Threat Research has released a detections identifying suspicious use of
certutil.exe. In this instance, we narrow our detection down to the Office suite as a parent process. During triage, review all file modifications. Capture and analyze any artifacts on disk. The Office Product, or
certutil.exe will have reached out to a remote destination, capture and block the IPs or domain. Review additional parallel processes for further activity.
- Type: TTP
- Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
- Datamodel: Endpoint
- Last Updated: 2023-02-15
- Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
- ID: 6925fe72-a6d5-11eb-9e17-acde48001122
Kill Chain Phase
- CIS 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 | tstats `security_content_summariesonly` count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime from datamodel=Endpoint.Processes where Processes.parent_process_name IN ("winword.exe","excel.exe","powerpnt.exe","mspub.exe","visio.exe","onenote.exe","onenotem.exe","onenoteviewer.exe","onenoteim.exe","msaccess.exe") `process_certutil` by Processes.dest Processes.user Processes.parent_process Processes.process_name Processes.original_file_name Processes.process Processes.process_id Processes.parent_process_id | `drop_dm_object_name(Processes)` | `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` | `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` | `office_product_spawning_certutil_filter`
The SPL above uses the following Macros:
office_product_spawning_certutil_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.
List of fields required to use this analytic.
How To Implement
To successfully implement this search you need to be ingesting information on process that include the name of the process responsible for the changes from your endpoints into the
Endpoint datamodel in the
Processes node. In addition, confirm the latest CIM App 4.20 or higher is installed and the latest TA for the endpoint product.
Known False Positives
No false positives known. Filter as needed.
Associated Analytic Story
|63.0||70||90||office parent process $parent_process_name$ will execute a suspicious child process $process_name$ with process id $process_id$ in host $dest$|
The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.
Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our
replay.py tool or the UI.
Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range
source | version: 4