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Description

The following analytic utilizes PowerShell Script Block Logging (EventCode=4104) to identify the execution of the Get-DomainUser commandlet with specific parameters. Get-DomainUser is part of PowerView, a PowerShell tool used to perform enumeration on Windows Active Directory networks. As the name suggests, Get-DomainUser is used to identify domain users and combining it with -PreauthNotRequired allows adversaries to discover domain accounts with Kerberos Pre Authentication disabled.\ Red Teams and adversaries alike use may leverage PowerView to enumerate these accounts and attempt to crack their passwords offline.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Behavioral Analytics
  • Datamodel: Endpoint_Processes
  • Last Updated: 2022-11-14
  • Author: Michael Haag, Splunk
  • ID: dc3f2af7-ca69-47ce-a122-9f9787e19417

Annotations

ATT&CK

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1558 Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets Credential Access
T1558.004 AS-REP Roasting Credential Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Exploitation
NIST
  • DE.CM
CIS20
  • CIS 3
  • CIS 5
  • CIS 16
CVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
| from read_ssa_enriched_events() 
| eval timestamp=parse_long(ucast(map_get(input_event, "_time"), "string", null)), cmd_line=lower(ucast(map_get(input_event, "process"), "string", null)), process_name=lower(ucast(map_get(input_event, "process_name"), "string", null)), process_path=ucast(map_get(input_event, "process_path"), "string", null), parent_process_name=ucast(map_get(input_event, "parent_process_name"), "string", null), event_id=ucast(map_get(input_event, "event_id"), "string", null) 
| where cmd_line IS NOT NULL AND process_name IS NOT NULL 
| where (like (cmd_line, "%get-domainuser%") AND like (cmd_line, "%preauthnotrequired%")) 
| eval start_time=timestamp, end_time=timestamp, entities=mvappend(ucast(map_get(input_event, "dest_user_id"), "string", null), ucast(map_get(input_event, "dest_device_id"), "string", null)), body=create_map(["event_id", event_id, "cmd_line", cmd_line, "process_name", process_name, "parent_process_name", parent_process_name, "process_path", process_path]) 
| into write_ssa_detected_events();

Macros

The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: windows_powershell_disabled_kerberos_pre-authentication_discovery_with_powerview_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • dest_device_id
  • process_name
  • parent_process_name
  • process_path
  • dest_user_id
  • process
  • cmd_line

How To Implement

To successfully implement this analytic, you will need to enable PowerShell Script Block Logging on some or all endpoints. Additional setup here https://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/UBA/5.0.4.1/GetDataIn/AddPowerShell#Configure_module_logging_for_PowerShell.

Known False Positives

Administrators or power users may use PowerView for troubleshooting

Associated Analytic Story

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
54.0 60 90 Disabled Kerberos Pre-Authentication Discovery With PowerView from $dest_device_id$

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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