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Description

This search is to detect a suspicious MS scripting process such as wscript.exe or cscript.exe that loading ldap module to process ldap query. This behavior was seen in FIN7 implant where it uses javascript to execute ldap query to parse host information that will send to its C2 server. this anomaly detections is a good initial step to hunt further a suspicious ldap query or ldap related events to the host that may give you good information regarding ldap or AD information processing or might be a attacker.

  • Type: Anomaly
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2021-09-13
  • Author: Teoderick Contreras, Splunk
  • ID: 0b0c40dc-14a6-11ec-b267-acde48001122

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1059.007 JavaScript Execution
`sysmon` EventCode =7 Image IN ("*\\wscript.exe", "*\\cscript.exe") ImageLoaded IN ("*\\Wldap32.dll", "*\\adsldp.dll", "*\\adsldpc.dll") 
| stats min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime count by Image EventCode process_name ProcessId ProcessGuid Computer ImageLoaded 
| `security_content_ctime(firstTime)` 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)` 
| `ms_scripting_process_loading_ldap_module_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting logs with the process name, parent process, and command-line executions from your endpoints. If you are using Sysmon, you must have at least version 6.0.4 of the Sysmon TA. Tune and filter known instances where renamed rundll32.exe may be used.

Required field

  • _time
  • Image
  • EventCode
  • process_name
  • ProcessId
  • ProcessGuid
  • Computer
  • ImageLoaded

Kill Chain Phase

  • Exploitation

Known False Positives

automation scripting language may used by network operator to do ldap query.

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
9.0 30 30 $process_name$ loading ldap modules $ImageLoaded$ in $dest$

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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