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Description

As part of the sAMAccountName Spoofing (CVE-2021-42278) and Domain Controller Impersonation (CVE-2021-42287) exploitation chain, adversaries will request and obtain a Kerberos Service Ticket (TGS) with a domain controller computer account as the Service Name. This Service Ticket can be then used to take control of the domain controller on the final part of the attack. This analytic leverages Event Id 4769, A Kerberos service ticket was requested, to identify an unusual TGS request where the Account_Name requesting the ticket matches the Service_Name field. This behavior could represent an exploitation attempt of CVE-2021-42278 and CVE-2021-42287 for privilege escalation.

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud
  • Datamodel: Endpoint
  • Last Updated: 2021-12-20
  • Author: Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
  • ID: 8b1297bc-6204-11ec-b7c4-acde48001122

ATT&CK

ID Technique Tactic
T1078 Valid Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access
T1078.002 Domain Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access
 `wineventlog_security` EventCode=4769 
| eval isSuspicious = if(lower(Service_Name) = lower(mvindex(split(Account_Name,"@"),0)+"$"),1,0) 
| where isSuspicious = 1 
| table _time, Client_Address, Account_Name, Service_Name, Failure_Code, isSuspicious 
| `suspicious_kerberos_service_ticket_request_filter`

Associated Analytic Story

How To Implement

To successfully implement this search, you need to be ingesting Domain Controller and Kerberos events. The Advanced Security Audit policy setting Audit Kerberos Authentication Service within Account Logon needs to be enabled.

Required field

  • _time
  • EventCode
  • Service_Name
  • Account_Name
  • Client_Address
  • Failure_Code

Kill Chain Phase

  • Privilege Escalation

Known False Positives

We have tested this detection logic with ~2 million 4769 events and did not identify false positives. However, they may be possible in certain environments. Filter as needed.

RBA

Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
60.0 100 60 A suspicious Kerberos Service Ticket was requested by $Account_Name$

CVE

ID Summary CVSS
CVE-2021-42287 Active Directory Domain Services Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2021-42278, CVE-2021-42282, CVE-2021-42291. 6.5
CVE-2021-42278 Active Directory Domain Services Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2021-42282, CVE-2021-42287, CVE-2021-42291. 6.5

Reference

Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our replay.py tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

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