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The following analytic identifies a successful authentication event against Google Cloud Platform for an account without Multi-Factor Authentication enabled. This could be evidence of a missconfiguration, a policy violation or an account take over attempt that should be investigated

  • Type: TTP
  • Product: Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Enterprise Security, Splunk Cloud

  • Last Updated: 2024-01-04
  • Author: Bhavin Patel, Mauricio Velazco, Splunk
  • ID: 40e17d88-87da-414e-b253-8dc1e4f9555b




ID Technique Tactic
T1586 Compromise Accounts Resource Development
T1586.003 Cloud Accounts Resource Development
T1078 Valid Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access
T1078.004 Cloud Accounts Defense Evasion, Persistence, Privilege Escalation, Initial Access
Kill Chain Phase
  • Weaponization
  • Exploitation
  • Installation
  • Delivery
  • DE.CM
  • CIS 10
`gws_reports_login` NOT `gws_login_mfa_methods` 
| stats count min(_time) as firstTime max(_time) as lastTime by user, src_ip,  login_challenge_method, app,, vendor_account, action 
| `security_content_ctime(lastTime)`
| `gcp_successful_single_factor_authentication_filter`


The SPL above uses the following Macros:

:information_source: gcp_successful_single-factor_authentication_filter is a empty macro by default. It allows the user to filter out any results (false positives) without editing the SPL.

Required fields

List of fields required to use this analytic.

  • _time
  • event.parameters{}.multiValue{}
  • user
  • src_ip
  • login_challenge_method

How To Implement

You must install the latest version of Splunk Add-on for Google Workspace from Splunkbase ( which allows Splunk administrators to collect Google Workspace event data in Splunk using Google Workspace APIs. Specifically, this analytic leverages the User log events.

Known False Positives

Although not recommended, certain users may be required without multi-factor authentication. Filter as needed

Associated Analytic Story


Risk Score Impact Confidence Message
45.0 50 90 Successful authentication for user $user$ without MFA

:information_source: The Risk Score is calculated by the following formula: Risk Score = (Impact * Confidence/100). Initial Confidence and Impact is set by the analytic author.


Test Dataset

Replay any dataset to Splunk Enterprise by using our tool or the UI. Alternatively you can replay a dataset into a Splunk Attack Range

source | version: 2